The tiger, Panthera tigris, is the largest member of the cat family. The tiger is listed as ‘Endangered’ on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Today, an estimated total of around 3,000-4,500 exist in the wild. Subspecies of the tiger include the Sumatran Tiger, Siberian Tiger, Bengal Tiger, South China Tiger, Malayan Tiger and Indochinese Tiger. Many of these are either endangered or already extinct.