Humboldt Penguins can be found in Peru and Chile, preferring coastal environments such as rocky shorelines and the open ocean.
They are pescatarian, eating small pelagic fish and occasional crustaceans. When breeding they will lay 2 eggs per clutch and both parents help to raise the chicks.
They are classed as vulnerable by the IUCN with a decreasing population. Fishing activities, climate change, invasive species and mining all pose threats to the Humboldt penguin.