Ostriches live throughout Africa’s semi-arid plains and woodlands and the Common Ostrich is one of two living species of these large flightless birds native to Africa of the genus Struthio, which is in the ratite family. Ostriches are large birds that cannot fly, they have long legs and a very long neck that protrudes from a round body. Males have bold black-and-white colouring that they use to attract females. Females are light brown in colour.
The wild ostrich population has declined in the last 200 years, but IUCN Red List of Threatened Species still lists the common ostrich as a least concern species. Today ostriches are farmed and hunted for their skin, meat and eggs and humans are encroaching on ostrich habitats.